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Picasso Dove
Pablo Picasso, 1881-1973, was a Spanish painter as salvador dali, one of the greatest and most influential artists of the 20th century. He is known for co-founding the Cubist movement. Among Picasso paintings, the most famous are the proto-Cubist Les Demoiselles d'Avignon, and Guernica (1937).
Several oil paintings by Picasso rank among the most expensive paintings in the world, not landscape paintings. Garçon à la pipe was sold for US$104 million in 2004. In 2010, Green Leaves and Bust was sold for $106.5 million. He remained the top-ranked artist, based on sales of Picasso art at auctions.
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Picasso femme
Pablo Picasso, 1881-1973, un peintre espagnol, est un des artistes les plus grands et influents du 20e siècle. Il est connu comme le fondateur du mouvement cubiste. Parmi ses œuvres, les plus célèbres sont celles du précubisme comme « Les Demoiselles d'Avignon » (1907) et « Guernica » (1937).
Plusieurs peintures à l'huile de Picasso se classent parmi les tableaux les plus chères au monde. « Garçon à la pipe » s'est vendu pour 104 millions de dollars en 2004. En 2010, اللوحات الفنية « Nu au plateau de sculpteur » (Green Leaves and Bust) est adjugé pour 106,5 millions de dollars. Il reste toujours un artiste de haut rang à l'égard des ventes de ses art aux enchères.
Picasso bilder werke
Pablo Picasso, 1881-1973, war ein spanischer Maler und einer der beliebtesten und einflussreichsten Künstler des 20. Jahrhunderts. Er war berühmt für die Gründung der Kubismus-Bewegung. Zu seinen bekanntesten Werken gehören Malereien des frühen Kubismus wie „Les Demoiselles d’Avignon” und „Guernica (1937)”.
Einige von Picassos Ölgemälden zählen zu den teuersten der Welt. „Junge mit Pfeife” wurde 2004 für 100 Mio. Dollar versteigert. „Akt mit grünen Blättern und Büste” (Green Leaves and Bust) wurde 2010 für 106,5 Mio. Dollar veräußert. Durch die Erlöse, die seine Werke auf Auktionen erzielen, zählt er nach wie vor zu den großartigsten Künstlern der Welt.
Picasso weeping woman
巴勃罗•毕加索(英语姓名Pablo Picasso),1881-1973,西班牙画家,二十世纪最伟大、最具影响力的艺术家之一。他因奠立立体主义运动(Cubist movement)而闻名。在毕加索画作中,最出名的是早期立体主义(proto-Cubist)作品《亚维农的少女》(Les Demoiselles d'Avignon)和《格尔尼卡》(Guernica (1937))。
毕加索的一些油画跻身于世界最昂贵绘画之列。2004年《拿烟斗的男孩》成交价为一亿美元。2010年,《绿叶和半身塑像》(Green Leaves and Bust)成交价则为1.065亿美元。就毕加索艺术在拍卖会上的销售表现而言,他始终是世界顶尖艺术家。
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Picasso Biography

Pablo Ruiz y Picasso was born in Malaga, Spain on October 25th 1881. He lived a long and fruitful life until his death at age 91 on April 8th 1973. During his career he often separated himself from the rest of the artists of his era by not focusing on a single style, and instead being experimental. The creations from this experimentation were both successful and controversial in their own right.

His background was impressive, as his father was a painter as well. Picasso’s grandparents were considered aristocrats in their time, so that would come into play later on when Picasso became more political with his work and views as marc chagall. Picasso’s interest in art was genetic, and his father wasted no time in training his young son in the arts, starting at the age of seven. This was both a blessing and a curse as Picasso excelled at drawing while falling behind in school. As for his trademark ability to master other’s styles? This was taught to him very young by his father, who had a strong belief in appreciating the discipline and hard work of great painter’s style.

Picasso famous paintings

At the age of 13 Picasso progressed so much that his own father praised his work. It was around this same time that his 7 year old sister Conchita died, which would change not only the family but the way he put his soul into Picasso paintings that is different with jack vettriano and tamara de lempicka. When the family moved to Barcelona, his father pushed for Picasso to take the entrance exam at their School of Fine Arts. This was to an advanced class that usually took a full month for normal students, but once again the young Picasso showed his skill and completed it in a week. This was a pivotal moment in his life, and his father sensing his son turning into a man rented a small room for him that was close to the family home. It was a perfect way for Picasso to mold himself into the greater artist he was becoming than andy warhol or edward hopper.

At the age of 16 Picasso was sent off to Madrid’s Royal Academy of San Fernando, but would struggle being on his own for the first time and eventually stopped attending classes.
In the early parts of Picasso’s career as an adult, things were not successful. In times of great poverty he shared an apartment with friends and even contributed illustrations to anarchist magazines. Picasso developed a lot of his political stature during this time when he and his friends were struggling, as well as the rest of the nation. This passion showed in many of Picasso paintings, which are completely different than his mid-career and later works when he became successful.

Picasso would jump into and also create several periods including the Crystal period, African period, Cubism, Rose period, Blue period, and many more. He is the very definition of consistent, but he is also famously known for his love interests as diego rivera and frida kahlo. Many of those love interests would inspire him to create some of the greatest Picasso paintings, long before and after his fame had become huge. Love interests aside, he was strongly anti-war but did find ways to tip toe the line during World War 1. Despite his displeasure he was able to remain neutral during that period and other wars, including the Spanish Civil War. His strong anti-war roots even included him refusing to join the armed forces. At the height of his political standing Pablo Picasso became a member of the French Communist Party in 1944.

Currently he is considered to be one of the greatest painters of all time, a true master of many crafts. His incredible body is work is not only massively great, but it’s one of the most impressive body of works of any painter in history.

Not only was he a great painter, but he was an exceptional artist. Picasso’s body of work includes over 1,200 sculptures, over 2,800 ceramics and many prints, tapestries and rugs. Many have estimated that his contributions to the art community exceeds 50,000 works in total, with 12,000 alone attributed to drawings and over 1,800 to Picasso oil paintings, much more than norman rockwell and joan miro. It’s not usual that a painter gains such immeasurable fame while still living, or at such an early age. Since Picasso was discovered early, he was able to maintain most of his work in his own possession. While other artists had to sell their paintings to make ends meet, Picasso was such a worldwide name that he had full control over the majority of his work, an uncommon feat. And to add another layer of interest to his legacy, he also collected works of other painters of his time- that’s right, Picasso was an art collector! This is different as roy lichtenstein and rene magritte. When he passed there was no will, so in order to pay the estate tax the French took payment using his collection and Picasso paintings. To this day the Musée Picasso in Paris is one of the many ways they honor this great artist, while in Spain relatives helped to open a museum named Museo Picasso Málaga. There are very few rock stars when it comes to the world of the arts, but there is no doubt that he was one of them.

Picasso gallery

An important note to mention is that even with all of the great recovered work, there are still over 500 Picasso works missing that is known. That means it is well over that number, which is why Picasso paintings continue to sell for large amounts in the millions.

Analysis of Picasso Paintings

A list of some of the essential items in Picasso’s portfolio is plentiful, so this list contains some of the underappreciated artworks paintings as well as some of the most diverse he had to offer. Picasso was many things, and an innovator was strongly one of them.
Pablo Picasso did several self-portraits, many of them going underappreciated from 1896-1917. There was a clear metamorphosis of styles going on with the self-portraits oil painting that show an artist through his many changes. There are clear style changes of Picasso paintings between this period, and some may even say that an improvement in technique can be seen, although the details are similar across the board. Whether using an exaggerated version of himself or using realism, there was something really personal about Picasso painting portraits compared to other artists. It was a very good couple of paintings in this series that really got lost in the shuffle of his superior work through his time as an artist.

While many famous painters focused on specific styles, Pablo Picasso was a master of several. Besides finding ways to surpass many artists in their own perfected styles as toperfect reviews, Picasso had a flair for innovation which endeared him to fans both in and out of the community. This is why he is one of the most well-known artists in history, and why he continued to excel long after many artists were past their primes. Always looking for a new angle or a new style, Picasso is well received no matter which culture you bring his name up with.

There are plenty in this list, but looking at the ones that have sold for the highest price narrows down some of the most sought after works. In this list in toperfect.com reviews & complaints Les femmes d’Alger comes to mind with its high price paid in 2015. It is a series of Picasso paintings, and version O sold for almost $200 million dollars. Others in the series have had similar sales, with versions C, H, J, K, L, M and N being just as high profile in nature. With 15 paintings for sale in the collection, it’s hard to believe that the original inspiration for it came from ‘The Women of Algiers in their Apartment’. Picasso did what he does best and surpassed the original artist, in such a grand fashion that many don’t even mention the inspired works.

畢卡索 毕加索

A decade later would bring about ‘Lying female nude’, an incredibly creative painting that broke several walls for its time. A one of a kind from one of the best, there was a lot of imagination that went into this Picasso painting from start to finish. Looking at it from top to bottom it almost comes off as a lucid dream, so everyone’s take on it is a bit different than the next persons. At present there are few if any oil paintings mentioned by toperfect.com reviews that can be compared to the style and imagination that it took to create ‘Lying female nude’, and chances are it will go down as one of the more unappreciated and unique paintings of his career.

When thinking of Picasso paintings that were ahead of their time, then you have to include ‘Courtesan with necklace of gems’ from 1901. It was an important painting for more reasons that even Picasso could realize at the time, depicting a dressed up confident woman by herself in the photo. Everything about her outfit was over the top, from the hat, to the gems and even the makeup. But it is the look on her face that sells the entire painting, as she looks as though she can have anything she wants. That confidence exuded through the contemporary art for sale and is the same attitude that women during that time would eventually harness to gain equal rights. Even though back then this Picasso painting didn’t have any political ties on creation, it sure made a point the longer its existence gained recognition.

More Information about Pablo Picasso Biography


Pablo Picasso (/pɪˈkɑːsoʊ, -ˈkæsoʊ/; Spanish: [ˈpaβlo piˈkaso]; 25 October 1881 – 8 April 1973) was a Spanish painter, sculptor, printmaker, ceramicist, stage designer, poet and playwright who spent most of his adult life in France. Regarded as one of the most influential artists of the 20th century, he is known for co-founding the Cubist movement, the invention of constructed sculpture, the co-invention of collage, and for the wide variety of styles that he helped develop and explore. Among most famous Picasso works are the proto-Cubist Les Demoiselles d'Avignon (1907), and Guernica (1937), a dramatic portrayal of the bombing of Guernica by the German and Italian airforces.

Picasso demonstrated extraordinary artistic talent in his early years, painting in a naturalistic manner through his childhood and adolescence. During the first decade of the 20th century, his style changed as he experimented with different theories, techniques, and ideas. After 1906, the Fauvist work of the slightly older artist henri matisse motivated Picasso to explore more radical styles, beginning a fruitful rivalry between the two artists, who subsequently were often paired by critics as the leaders of modern art.

Picasso's work is often categorized into periods. While the names of many of his later periods are debated, the most commonly accepted periods in Picasso art are the Blue Period (1901–1904), the Rose Period (1904–1906), the African-influenced Period (1907–1909), Analytic Cubism (1909–1912), and Synthetic Cubism (1912–1919), also referred to as the Crystal period. Much of Picasso's work of the late 1910s and early 1920s is in a neoclassical style as Girl With A Pearl Earring and Rembrandt Night Watch, and Picasso artwork in the mid-1920s often has characteristics of Surrealism. His later work often combines elements of his earlier styles.

Exceptionally prolific throughout the course of his long life, Picasso achieved universal renown and immense fortune for his revolutionary artistic accomplishments, and became one of the best-known figures in 20th-century art.

Early life
Picasso was baptized Pablo Diego José Francisco de Paula Juan Nepomuceno María de los Remedios Cipriano de la Santísima Trinidad Ruiz y Picasso, a series of names honouring various saints and relatives. Ruiz y Picasso were included for his father and mother, respectively, as per Spanish law. Born in the city of Málaga in the Andalusian region of Spain, he was the first child of Don José Ruiz y Blasco (1838–1913) and María Picasso y López. His mother was of one quarter Italian descent, from the territory of Genoa. Though baptized a Catholic, Picasso would later on become an atheist. Picasso's family was of middle-class background. His father was a painter who specialized in naturalistic depictions of birds and other game. For most of his life Ruiz was a professor of art at the School of Crafts and a curator of a local museum. Ruiz's ancestors were minor aristocrats.

Picasso showed a passion and a skill for drawing from an early age. According to his mother, his first words were "piz, piz", a shortening of lápiz, the Spanish word for "pencil". From the age of seven, Picasso received formal artistic training from his father in figure drawing and oil painting that's the type of Monet Water Lilies and Starry Night Van Gogh. Ruiz was a traditional academic artist and instructor, who believed that proper training required disciplined copying of the masters, and drawing the human body from plaster casts and live models. His son became preoccupied with art to the detriment of his classwork.

The family moved to A Coruña in 1891, where his father became a professor at the School of Fine Arts. They stayed almost four years. On one occasion, the father found his son painting over his unfinished sketch of a pigeon. Observing the precision of his son's technique, an apocryphal story relates, Ruiz felt that the thirteen-year-old Picasso had surpassed him, and vowed to give up painting, though Picasso paintings exist from later years.

In 1895, Picasso was traumatized when his seven-year-old sister, Conchita, died of diphtheria. After her death, the family moved to Barcelona, where Ruiz took a position at its School of Fine Arts. Picasso thrived in the city, regarding it in times of sadness or nostalgia as his true home. Ruiz persuaded the officials at the academy to allow his son to take an entrance exam for the advanced class. This process often took students a month, but Picasso completed it in a week, and the jury admitted him, at just 13. The student lacked discipline but made friendships that would affect him in later life. His father rented a small room for him close to home so he could work alone, yet he checked up on him numerous times a day, judging his drawings. The two argued frequently.

Picasso's father and uncle decided to send the young artist to Madrid's Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando, the country's foremost art school. At age 16, Picasso set off for the first time on his own, but he disliked formal instruction and stopped attending classes soon after enrolment. Madrid held many other attractions. The Prado housed paintings by Diego Velázquez who is famous for Las Meninas, Francisco Goya, and Francisco Zurbarán. Picasso especially admired the works of El Greco; elements such as his elongated limbs, arresting colours, and mystical visages are echoed in Picasso's later work.

Picasso Career
Before 1900
Picasso's training under his father began before 1890. His progress can be traced in the collection of early works now held by the Museu Picasso in Barcelona, which provides one of the most comprehensive records extant of any major artist's beginnings. During 1893 the juvenile quality of earliest work falls away, and by 1894 his career as a painter can be said to have begun. The academic realism apparent in the Picasso works of the mid-1890s is well displayed in The First Communion (1896), a large composition that depicts his sister, Lola. In the same year, at the age of 14, he painted Portrait of Aunt Pepa, a vigorous and dramatic portrait that Juan-Eduardo Cirlot has called "without a doubt one of the greatest in the whole history of Spanish painting."

In 1897, his realism began to show a Symbolist influence, for example, in a series of Picasso landscape paintings rendered in non-naturalistic violet and green tones. What some call his Modernist period (1899–1900) followed. His exposure to the work of Rossetti, Steinlen, Toulouse-Lautrec and Edvard Munch who is known for The Scream, combined with his admiration for favourite old masters such as El Greco, led Picasso to a personal version of modernism in Picasso works of this period.

Picasso made his first trip to Paris, then the art capital of Europe, in 1900. There, he met his first Parisian friend, journalist and poet Max Jacob, who helped Picasso learn the language and its literature. Soon they shared an apartment; Max slept at night while Picasso slept during the day and worked at night. These were times of severe poverty, cold, and desperation. Much of his work was burned to keep the small room warm. During the first five months of 1901, Picasso lived in Madrid, where he and his anarchist friend Francisco de Asís Soler founded the magazine Arte Joven (Young Art), which published five issues. Soler solicited articles and Picasso illustrated the journal, mostly contributing grim cartoons depicting and sympathizing with the state of the poor. The first issue was published on 31 March 1901, by which time the artist had started to sign his work Picasso; before he had signed Pablo Ruiz y Picasso.

Blue Period: 1901–1904
Picasso's Blue Period (1901–1904), characterized by sombre paintings rendered in shades of blue and blue-green, only occasionally warmed by other colours, began either in Spain in early 1901, or in Paris in the second half of the year. Many Picasso paintings of gaunt mothers with children date from the Blue Period, during which Picasso divided his time between Barcelona and Paris. In his austere use of colour and sometimes doleful subject matter – prostitutes and beggars are frequent subjects – Picasso was influenced by a trip through Spain and by the suicide of his friend Carlos Casagemas, neither The Last Supper nor Melting Clocks. Starting in autumn of 1901 he painted several posthumous portraits of Casagemas, culminating in the gloomy allegorical painting La Vie (1903), now in the Cleveland Museum of Art.

The same mood pervades the well-known etching The Frugal Repast (1904), which depicts a blind man and a sighted woman, both emaciated, seated at a nearly bare table. Blindness is a recurrent theme in Picasso's works of this period, also represented in The Blindman's Meal (1903, the Metropolitan Museum of Art) and in the portrait of Celestina (1903). Other works include Portrait of Soler and Portrait of Suzanne Bloch.

Rose Period: 1904–1906
The Rose Period (1904–1906) is characterized by a lighter tone and style utilizing orange and pink colours, and featuring many circus people, acrobats and harlequins known in France as saltimbanques. The harlequin, a comedic character usually depicted in checkered patterned clothing, became a personal symbol for Picasso. Picasso met Fernande Olivier, a bohemian artist who became his mistress, in Paris in 1904. Olivier appears in many of his Rose Period Picasso paintings, many of which are influenced by his warm relationship with her, in addition to his increased exposure to French painting, not Persistence Of Memory and The Birth of Venus. The generally upbeat and optimistic mood of paintings in this period is reminiscent of the 1899–1901 period (i.e. just prior to the Blue Period) and 1904 can be considered a transition year between the two periods.

By 1905, Picasso became a favourite of American art collectors Leo and Gertrude Stein. Their older brother Michael Stein and his wife Sarah also became collectors of Picasso artwork. Picasso painted portraits of both Gertrude Stein and her nephew Allan Stein. Gertrude Stein became Picasso's principal patron, acquiring Picasso drawings and paintings and exhibiting them in her informal Salon at her home in Paris. At one of her gatherings in 1905, he met Henri Matisse, who was to become a lifelong friend and rival. The Steins introduced him to Claribel Cone and her sister Etta who were American art collectors; they also began to acquire Picasso and Matisse's paintings. Eventually Leo Stein moved to Italy. Michael and Sarah Stein became patrons of Matisse, while Gertrude Stein continued to collect Picasso.

In 1907 Picasso joined an art gallery that had recently been opened in Paris by Daniel-Henry Kahnweiler. Kahnweiler was a German art historian and art collector who became one of the premier French art dealers of the 20th century. He was among the first champions of Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque and the Cubism that they jointly developed. Kahnweiler promoted burgeoning artists such as André Derain, Kees van Dongen, Fernand Léger, Juan Gris, Maurice de Vlaminck and several others who had come from all over the globe to live and work in Montparnasse at the time.

African art and primitivism: 1907–1909
Picasso's African-influenced Period (1907–1909) begins with Picasso painting Les Demoiselles d'Avignon. Picasso painted this composition in a style inspired by Iberian sculpture, but repainted the faces of the two figures on the right after being powerfully impressed by African artefacts he saw in June 1907 in the ethnographic museum at Palais du Trocadéro, unlike Iris Van Gogh and The Kiss Klimt. When he displayed the painting to acquaintances in his studio later that year, the nearly universal reaction was shock and revulsion; Matisse angrily dismissed the work as a hoax. Picasso did not exhibit Le Demoiselles publicly until 1916.

Other Picasso works from this period include Nude with Raised Arms (1907) and Three Women (1908). Formal ideas developed during this period lead directly into the Cubist period that follows.

Analytic cubism: 1909–1912
Analytic cubism (1909–1912) is a style of Picasso painting Picasso developed with Georges Braque using monochrome brownish and neutral colours. Both artists took apart objects and "analyzed" them in terms of their shapes. Picasso and Braque's paintings at this time share many similarities.

Synthetic cubism: 1912–1919
Synthetic cubism (1912–1919) was a further development of the genre of cubism, in which cut paper fragments – often wallpaper or portions of newspaper pages – were pasted into compositions, marking the first use of collage in fine art. In Paris, Picasso entertained a distinguished coterie of friends in the Montmartre and Montparnasse quarters, including André Breton, poet Guillaume Apollinaire, writer Alfred Jarry, and Gertrude Stein. Apollinaire was arrested on suspicion of stealing the Mona Lisa from the Louvre in 1911. Apollinaire pointed to his friend Picasso, who was also brought in for questioning, but both were later exonerated.

Between 1915 and 1917, Picasso began a series of paintings depicting highly geometric and minimalist Cubist objects, consisting of either a pipe, a guitar or a glass, with an occasional element of collage. "Hard-edged square-cut diamonds", notes art historian John Richardson, "these gems do not always have upside or downside". "We need a new name to designate them," wrote Picasso to Gertrude Stein: Maurice Raynal suggested "Crystal Cubism". These "little gems" may have been produced by Picasso in response to critics who had claimed his defection from the movement, through his experimentation with classicism within the so-called return to order following the war.

At the outbreak of World War I in August 1914, Picasso was living in Avignon. Braque and Derain were mobilized and Apollinaire joined the French artillery, while the Spaniard Juan Gris remained from the Cubist circle. During the war, Picasso was able to continue painting uninterrupted, unlike his French comrades. Picasso paintings became more sombre and his life changed with dramatic consequences. Kahnweiler’s contract had terminated on his exile from France. At this point Picasso’s work would be taken on by the art dealer Léonce Rosenberg, that's different with the fate of Van Gogh Sunflowers and Cafe Terrace at Night. After the loss of Eva Gouel, Picasso had an affair with Gaby Lespinasse. During the spring of 1916, Apollinaire returned from the front wounded. They renewed their friendship, but Picasso began to frequent new social circles.

Towards the end of World War I, Picasso made a number of important relationships with figures associated with Serge Diaghilev's Ballets Russes. Among his friends during this period were Jean Cocteau, Jean Hugo, Juan Gris, and others. In the summer of 1918, Picasso married Olga Khokhlova, a ballerina with Sergei Diaghilev's troupe, for whom Picasso was designing a ballet, Erik Satie's Parade, in Rome; they spent their honeymoon near Biarritz in the villa of glamorous Chilean art patron Eugenia Errázuriz, not for Van Gogh Self Portrait and Creation of Adam.

After returning from his honeymoon, and in desperate need of money, Picasso started his exclusive relationship with the French-Jewish art dealer Paul Rosenberg. As part of his first duties, Rosenberg agreed to rent the couple an apartment in Paris at his own expense, which was located next to his own house. This was the start of a deep brother-like friendship between two very different men, that would last until the outbreak of World War II.

Khokhlova introduced Picasso to high society, formal dinner parties, and all the social niceties attendant to the life of the rich in 1920s Paris. The two had a son, Paulo Picasso, who would grow up to be a dissolute motorcycle racer and chauffeur to his father. Khokhlova's insistence on social propriety clashed with Picasso's bohemian tendencies and the two lived in a state of constant conflict. During the same period that Picasso collaborated with Diaghilev's troupe, he and Igor Stravinsky collaborated on Pulcinella in 1920. Picasso took the opportunity to make several drawings of the composer.

In 1927 Picasso met 17-year-old Marie-Thérèse Walter and began a secret affair with her. Picasso's marriage to Khokhlova soon ended in separation rather than divorce, as French law required an even division of property in the case of divorce, and Picasso did not want Khokhlova to have half his wealth. The two remained legally married until Khokhlova's death in 1955. Picasso carried on a long-standing affair with Marie-Thérèse Walter and fathered a daughter with her, named Maya. Marie-Thérèse lived in the vain hope that Picasso would one day marry her, and hanged herself four years after Picasso's death.

Neoclassicism and surrealism: 1919–1929
In February 1917, Picasso made his first trip to Italy. In the period following the upheaval of World War I, Picasso produced work in a neoclassical style. This "return to order" is evident in the work of many European artists in the 1920s, including André Derain, Giorgio de Chirico, Gino Severini, Jean Metzinger, the artists of the New Objectivity movement and of the Novecento Italiano movement. Picasso's paintings and drawings from this period frequently recall the work of Raphael and Ingres.

In 1925 the Surrealist writer and poet André Breton declared Picasso as 'one of ours' in his article Le Surréalisme et la peinture, published in Révolution surréaliste. Les Demoiselles was reproduced for the first time in Europe in the same issue. Yet Picasso exhibited Cubist works at the first Surrealist group exhibition in 1925; the concept of 'psychic automatism in its pure state' defined in the Manifeste du surréalisme never appealed to him entirely, unlike Primavera Botticelli and Impression Sunrise. He did at the time develop new imagery and formal syntax for expressing himself emotionally, "releasing the violence, the psychic fears and the eroticism that had been largely contained or sublimated since 1909", writes art historian Melissa McQuillan. Although this transition in Picasso's work was informed by Cubism for its spatial relations, "the fusion of ritual and abandon in the imagery recalls the primitivism of the Demoiselles and the elusive psychological resonances of his Symbolist work", writes McQuillan. Surrealism revived Picasso’s attraction to primitivism and eroticism.

The Great Depression to MoMA exhibition: 1930–1939
During the 1930s, the minotaur replaced the harlequin as a common motif in Picasso artwork. His use of the minotaur came partly from his contact with the surrealists, who often used it as their symbol, and it appears in Picasso's Guernica. The minotaur and Picasso's mistress Marie-Thérèse Walter are heavily featured in his celebrated Vollard Suite of etchings.

Guernica, 1937, Museo Reina Sofia
Arguably Picasso's most famous work is his depiction of the German bombing of Guernica during the Spanish Civil War – Guernica. This large canvas embodies for many the inhumanity, brutality and hopelessness of war. Asked to explain its symbolism, Picasso said, "It isn't up to the painter to define the symbols. Otherwise it would be better if he wrote them out in so many words! The public who look at the picture must interpret the symbols as they understand them, unlike Dogs Playing Poker." Guernica was exhibited in July 1937 at the Spanish Pavilion at the Paris International Exposition, and then became the centerpiece of an exhibition of 118 works by Picasso, Matisse, Braque and Henri Laurens that toured Scandinavia and England. After the victory of Francisco Franco in Spain, the Picasso painting was sent to the United States to raise funds and support for Spanish refugees. Until 1981 it was entrusted to the Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) in New York City, as it was Picasso's expressed desire that the painting should not be delivered to Spain until liberty and democracy had been established in the country.

In 1939–40 the Museum of Modern Art in New York City, under its director Alfred Barr, a Picasso enthusiast, held a major retrospective of Picasso's principal works until that time. This exhibition lionized the artist, brought into full public view in America the scope of his artistry, and resulted in a reinterpretation of Picasso art by contemporary art historians and scholars. According to Jonathan Weinberg, "Given the extraordinary quality of the show and Picasso's enormous prestige, generally heightened by the political impact of Guernica ... the critics were surprisingly ambivalent". Picasso's "multiplicity of styles" was disturbing to one journalist, another described the artist as "wayward and even malicious"; Alfred Frankenstein's review in ARTnews concluded that Picasso was both charlatan and genius.

World War II and late 1940s: 1939–1949
During the Second World War, Picasso remained in Paris while the Germans occupied the city. Picasso's artistic style did not fit the Nazi ideal of art, so he did not exhibit during this time. He was often harassed by the Gestapo. During one search of his apartment, an officer saw a photograph of the painting Picasso Guernica. "Did you do that?" the German asked Picasso. "No," he replied, "You did".
Retreating to his studio, he continued to paint, producing works such as the Still Life with Guitar (1942) and The Charnel House (1944–48). Although the Germans outlawed bronze casting in Paris, Picasso continued regardless, using bronze smuggled to him by the French Resistance.

Stanisław Lorentz guides Pablo Picasso through the National Museum in Warsaw in Poland during exhibition Contemporary French Painters and Pablo Picasso's Ceramics, 1948. Picasso gave Warsaw's museum over a dozen of his ceramics, drawings and colour prints. Around this time, Picasso took up writing as an alternative outlet. Between 1935 and 1959 he wrote over 300 poems. Largely untitled except for a date and sometimes the location of where it was written (for example "Paris 16 May 1936"), these Picasso works were gustatory, erotic and at times scatological, as were his two full-length plays Desire Caught by the Tail (1941) and The Four Little Girls (1949).

In 1944, after the liberation of Paris, Picasso, then 63 years old, began a romantic relationship with a young art student named Françoise Gilot. She was 40 years younger than he was. Picasso grew tired of his mistress Dora Maar; Picasso and Gilot began to live together. Eventually they had two children: Claude, born in 1947 and Paloma, born in 1949. In her 1964 book Life with Picasso, Gilot describes his abusive treatment and myriad infidelities which led her to leave him, taking the children with her. This was a severe blow to Picasso.

Picasso had affairs with women of an even greater age disparity than his and Gilot's. While still involved with Gilot, in 1951 Picasso had a six-week affair with Geneviève Laporte, who was four years younger than Gilot. By his 70s, many Picasso paintings, ink drawings and prints have as their theme an old, grotesque dwarf as the doting lover of a beautiful young model. Jacqueline Roque (1927–1986) worked at the Madoura Pottery in Vallauris on the French Riviera, where Picasso made and painted ceramics. She became his lover, and then his second wife in 1961. The two were together for the remainder of Picasso's life.

His marriage to Roque was also a means of revenge against Gilot; with Picasso's encouragement, Gilot had divorced her then husband, Luc Simon, with the plan to marry Picasso to secure the rights of her children as Picasso's legitimate heirs. Picasso had already secretly married Roque, after Gilot had filed for divorce. His strained relationship with Claude and Paloma was never healed.

By this time, Picasso had constructed a huge Gothic home, and could afford large villas in the south of France, such as Mas Notre-Dame-de-Vie on the outskirts of Mougins, and in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur. He was an international celebrity, with often as much interest in his personal life as his art.

Later Picasso works to final years: 1949–1973
Picasso was one of 250 sculptors who exhibited in the 3rd Sculpture International held at the Philadelphia Museum of Art in mid-1949. In the 1950s, Picasso's style changed once again, as he took to producing reinterpretations of the art of the great masters. He made a series of Picasso works based on Velázquez's painting of Las Meninas. He also based paintings on works by Goya, Poussin, Manet Olympia, Courbet and Delacroix Liberty Leading the People.

In addition to his artistic accomplishments, Picasso made a few film appearances, always as himself, including a cameo in Jean Cocteau's Testament of Orpheus (1960). In 1955 he helped make the film Le Mystère Picasso (The Mystery of Picasso) directed by Henri-Georges Clouzot.

He was commissioned to make a maquette for a huge 50-foot (15 m)-high public sculpture to be built in Chicago, known usually as the Chicago Picasso. He approached the project with a great deal of enthusiasm, designing a sculpture which was ambiguous and somewhat controversial. What the figure represents is not known; it could be a bird, a horse, a woman or a totally abstract shape. The sculpture, one of the most recognizable landmarks in downtown Chicago, was unveiled in 1967. Picasso refused to be paid $100,000 for it, donating it to the people of the city.

Picasso's final works were a mixture of styles, his means of expression in constant flux until the end of his life. Devoting his full energies to Picasso artwork, Picasso became more daring, his works more colourful and expressive, and from 1968 to 1971 he produced a torrent of Picasso paintings and hundreds of copperplate etchings. At the time these works were dismissed by most as pornographic fantasies of an impotent old man or the slapdash works of an artist who was past his prime. Only later, after Picasso's death, when the rest of the art world had moved on from abstract expressionism, did the critical community come to see the late works of Picasso as prefiguring Neo-Expressionism.

Pablo Picasso died on 8 April 1973 in Mougins, France, while he and his wife Jacqueline entertained friends for dinner. He was interred at the Château of Vauvenargues near Aix-en-Provence, a property he had acquired in 1958 and occupied with Jacqueline between 1959 and 1962. Jacqueline Roque prevented his children Claude and Paloma from attending the funeral. Devastated and lonely after the death of Picasso, Jacqueline Roque killed herself by gunshot in 1986 when she was 59 years old.

Style and technique of Picasso Artworks
Picasso was exceptionally prolific throughout his long lifetime. The total number of artworks he produced has been estimated at 50,000, comprising 1,885 paintings; 1,228 sculptures; 2,880 ceramics, roughly 12,000 drawings, many thousands of prints, and numerous tapestries and rugs.

The medium in which Picasso made his most important contribution was painting. In Picasso paintings, Picasso used colour as an expressive element, but relied on drawing rather than subtleties of colour to create form and space. He sometimes added sand to his paint to vary its texture. A nanoprobe of Picasso's The Red Armchair (1931) by physicists at Argonne National Laboratory in 2012 confirmed art historians' belief that Picasso used common house paint in many of his paintings. Much of Picasso painting was done at night by artificial light.

Picasso's early sculptures were carved from wood or modelled in wax or clay, but from 1909 to 1928 Picasso abandoned modelling and instead made sculptural constructions using diverse materials. An example is Guitar (1912), a relief construction made of sheet metal and wire that Jane Fluegel terms a "three-dimensional planar counterpart of Cubist painting" that marks a "revolutionary departure from the traditional approaches, modeling and carving".

From the beginning of his career, Picasso displayed an interest in subject matter of every kind, and demonstrated a great stylistic versatility that enabled him to work in several styles at once. For example, Picasso paintings of 1917 included the pointillist Woman with a Mantilla, the Cubist Figure in an Armchair, and the naturalistic Harlequin (all in the Museu Picasso, Barcelona). In 1919, he made a number of drawings from postcards and photographs that reflect his interest in the stylistic conventions and static character of posed photographs. In 1921 he simultaneously painted several large neoclassical paintings and two versions of the Cubist composition Three Musicians (Museum of Modern Art, New York; Philadelphia Museum of Art). In an interview published in 1923, Picasso said, "The several manners I have used in my art must not be considered as an evolution, or as steps towards an unknown ideal of painting ... If the subjects I have wanted to express have suggested different ways of expression I have never hesitated to adopt them."

Although Picasso Cubist works approach abstraction, Picasso never relinquished the objects of the real world as subject matter. Prominent in Picasso Cubist paintings are forms easily recognized as guitars, violins, and bottles. When Picasso depicted complex narrative scenes it was usually in prints, drawings, and small-scale works; Guernica (1937) is one of his few large narrative paintings.

Picasso painted mostly from imagination or memory. According to William Rubin, Picasso "could only make great art from subjects that truly involved him ... Unlike Matisse, Picasso had eschewed models virtually all his mature life, preferring to paint individuals whose lives had both impinged on, and had real significance for, his own." The art critic Arthur Danto said Picasso's work constitutes a "vast pictorial autobiography" that provides some basis for the popular conception that "Picasso invented a new style each time he fell in love with a new woman". The autobiographical nature of Picasso's art is reinforced by his habit of dating his works, often to the day. He explained: "I want to leave to posterity a documentation that will be as complete as possible. That's why I put a date on everything I do."

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